Suds and bubbles, all the different ways cleaning agents reduce surface tension or foam up to help clean a surface. How do foaming agents and surfactants work together, how are they different. We are going to explore what foaming agents are and how they work along with surfactants.
What is a Foaming Agent?
In simplest terms, a foaming agent is a substance that helps the process of the formation of foam, in the name itself a foaming agent. The foam from a foaming agent is moved along when it is in soaps, shampoos and other cleansing products mixing with air and water. Some common kinds of foaming agents include:
- Sodium Laureth Sulfate
- Sodium Lauryl
- Coco Glucoside
- Decyl Glucoside
- Quillaja Saponaria
- Cocamidopropyl Betaine
- Sodium Cocoamphoacetate
What is a Surfactant?
A surfactant is known by many names, but is commonly referred to as a surface-active agent. It works similar to a detergent in that when combined with a liquid like water, reduces something’s hardness or tension and increases how a liquid moves and spreads across something whether its across a surface or dipping something.
Surfactants and Foaming Agents
What makes surfactants and foaming agents similar? Given that foaming agents act to form in a mixture of air and water, and surfactants help move how liquids move and spread, it can be found that they indeed work together! In things like soaps and detergents where surfactants are used foaming agents are used as well to foam in soaps and detergents. Surfactants in their processes of reducing surface tension reduce the work needed to help the foaming agent complete its process. They also work together to increase the stability of the bubbles being formed by the foaming agent.
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