Naphtha versus gasoline
The similarities between naphtha and gasoline are that they are both hydrocarbon mixtures. They are both derived from petroleum. When you think of filling your tank, you may only think of gasoline, but its counterparts are what allow it to be refined for fuel use. These petroleum-derived hydrocarbons are usually present in rock strata and are drilled for commercial or business uses. The basis of petroleum is also naturally occurring in geological formations and can even be found underwater. Petroleum, which is basically unprocessed crude oil, is formed by fossil fuels. As a fossil fuel, it is a non-renewable resource. This means that it is used at a rate that is faster than the rate at which it can be replenished. Fossil fuels are formed from the buildup of large quantities of dead organisms being buried underneath sedimentary rock. Because they are under this rock form, they are subjected to intense heat and pressure, which creates this crude oil. The range of petroleum can be found by looking at its various colors, from a dark-colored liquid to the clear-yellow of gasoline.
What is naphtha?
This is a form of petroleum that is considered more volatile than its typical forms. As a flammable liquid, it contains organic compounds that are important for organisms to sustain life. The mixture of organic compounds consists of the elements hydrogen and carbon, which is why naphtha is referred to as a hydrocarbon. This molecule contains paraffin, naphthene, and aromatic hydrocarbons. The largest source of naphtha is contained in most petroleum refineries. As a compound, it can be refined using fractional distillation, which separates the components of the oil based on their boiling points.
What is gasoline?
Gasoline is another form of petroleum-derived oil or compound. This form of fuel is transparent and is usually used in engines. The process that converts fuel into energy in engines is known as combustion. Gasoline is also obtained from fractional distillation, but it also contains various additives that enhance its properties as a compound. The central difference between gasoline and naphtha is that gasoline contains fewer carbon atoms than naphtha-derived petroleum products (they typically contain 6 or more).
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